Nha Trang: The Best Tropical Vietnam Tours for Your Summer Getaway Destination

Where-to-stay-in-Nha-Trang

Taking a Vietnam tour to indulge yourself with the “real” heat from the amazing all-year-around tropical and cultural destination, located in Southeast Asia. Whether you choose the North region Vietnam tour, Middle region Vietnam Tour or South region Vietnam tour from our Vietnam tour packages to visit, you’ll be impressed by how beautiful the scenery is, how hospitality the people can be, and how delicious the food would taste.

Summer is the perfect season to explore Vietnam, and Nha Trang is one of the most beautiful cities that you ought to visit once you’re touring Vietnam .

The Tropical Vietnam Tour Destination

Nha Trang – the capital of Khanh Hoa’s province- is one of the most popular picks from our tropical Vietnam tours that guarantee to make everyone fall in love once come to visit here. With the fresh salty breeze from the ocean, the crazily warm sunlight, and the smell of BBQ seafood right on the beach, this coastal city will let you feel peaceful, relaxed, and satisfied.

Image 1: Nha Trang – The Best Tropical Vietnam Tour Destination for Your Summer Getaway

Nha Trang temperature stays around 68F to 104F, and its humidity is at an average of 80%, which makes Nha Trang always on the top pick of our Vietnam cheap tours list apart from others, such as Da Nang, Phu Quoc, Mui Ne (Phan Thiet). Although it never gets cold in Nha Trang, we recommend if you ever take a Vietnam Tour to Nha Trang, do choose to stay in Nha Trang from mid-spring to late summer. It gets a bit rainy in mid-autumn and heavy rain when the winter comes around.

How to get to Nha Trang

Nha Trang locates in the Middle region and you can transport to Nha Trang by taking the Nha Trang train, which operates 5 times daily on schedule, or cutting down the time by taking direct flight to Cam Ranh, then take the shuttle bus to Nha Trang. You can also take direct shuttle to Nha Trang from the Central Bus station, but the long drive will wear you out by the time you get there.

Image 2:  5 star train to Nha Trang

Where to stay in Nha Trang

There are hostels, hotels and resorts in Nha Trang. It actually depends on your personal budget for the trip. Being a coastal city, many Nha Trang’s accommodations enables you to just cross the street from your place and hit the beach in less than 2 minutes walk.

If you stay in a low-budget accommodations, you should keep your belongings in a pre-paid locker and it’s best to not leave anything out of sight. Otherwise, 5 stars hotel and resorts do have their guards to keep their eyes on your belongings while you are enjoying the beach, at the same times, watching out for your safety under water as well.

Image 3: Staying in 5 star hotels in Nha Trang

Travel tips

If you are new to Vietnam, it’s best to take a Vietnam tour that includes Nha Trang. You won’t be able to worry about the transportation or hotel as it can be quite complex for first timer here. We – Sapaluxurytravel do have Vietnam tours to Nha Trang, you can check them out HERE. In case you want a self-designed tour schedule, contact us. We will help to design your own tour according to your desire.

What to do in Nha Trang

Nha Trang does not just have beautiful scenery, it also has a number of fun activities you can be a part of. It’s a bit long that we decided to have a dedicated post on Exploring Vietnam tours: Nha Trang’s islands. Jump over there to read more. We see you there, then!

Exploring Nha Trang Vietnam tours: The islands

Hon-Mun-–-Ebony-island

There are approximately 19 islands surrounding Nha Trang Bay. Each island is known for its own specialized nature resources and most are open for touring. If you have visited Nha Trang in the past but didn’t have a chance to go to any of these islands, you’re truly missing out. Touring around the islands is one of the best sellers tours out of the Vietnam tours packages list.

Vinh San Ho – The Coral Bay

Vinh San Ho belongs to Hon Mot – Mot island. It has more than a hundred different types of beautiful coral reefs along its bay. They are the most stunning coral reefs you’ll find in Vietnam and are fascinated to anyone who goes see it either through the glass bottom boat, or scuba diving. Hon Tre is one of the biggest islands in Nha Trang Bay.

There is a 5 star luxury resort – Vinpearl land – offering 5 star services on it. You can get up to this island by cable car, ferry services, or by the powerboats. This resort is integrated with amusement park, water park, 5 star golf course, dolphin and seal water show performance, etc. Tourist usually choose to stay in Vinpearl for a couple of day

Vinh San Ho is also known with its lovely shallow beach, warm sand, and deep blue sea water, where you can chill while enjoying the sun, and nature; or be a bit adventurous with all the water sports Vinh San Ho has to offer.

Image 1: Scuba diving in Coral Bay – Nha Trang Vietnam Tours
Image 1: Scuba diving in Coral Bay – Nha Trang Vietnam Tours

Image 2: Numerous water sports activities are available at Vinh San Ho Nha Trang – The #1 pick from Vietnam tours packages

Hon Tre – Vinpearl Land Nha Trang

Hon Tre is one of the biggest islands out of them all, approx. 35km2 in the area. The island lies 5km from the east coast of Nha Trang Bay. With a population of 1500 people, Hon Tre is a home for tourists and fishermen. Hon Tre is known for Vinpearl land – a 5-star luxury hotel integrated with its 5-star attractions, such as a water park, 5-star golf course, 5-star villas, and restaurants. There are 3 major transportations to get to Vinpearl land: powerboats, ferry services, or by the cable car system. Tourists come to Vinpearl to truly indulge themselves with its 5-star services. The island is always sold out during summertime.

Image 3: Hon Tre island – Vietnam tour – 5 star hotel services and attractions

Hon Mun – Ebony island

Hon Mun is Nha Trang’s Ocean Sanctuary. You can easily recognize Hon Mun with its typical ebony rocks that you won’t find anywhere else in Nha Trang.

Image 4: Hon Mun island – the closest to nature you’ll get from the Nha Trang Vietnam Tours

This island is 10km away from the mainland. It is famous by its beautiful, untouched, authentic and eco-friendly island. Nha Trang govern is doing their best to preserve this island beauty to its most wildest and purest.

There are over 1500 coral species and marine creatures, that are 18 meters down under the sea. Many are found in 10 meters depth cave with rare marine life along Hon Mun’s sea bed. Just like at Vinh San Ho, you can observe this craziness of marine life through a glass-bottom boat or dive into the ocean and see-it-yourself.

These 3 islands are the most popular destinations in the Nha Trang island tours from our Vietnam Tour packages. There are also other islands in Nha Trang Bay that are unique on their own and attracted a number of tourists each year, such as Bird’s Nest Island, Hon Mieu Island, Hon tam Island, Monkey Island. We  – Sapaluxurytravel can help designing these private tours for you, if you guys are interested on exploring these island in-depth, just drop our consultants a line at HERE. You’ll never regret it.

Now, go on for any tourists’ part: The FOOD. Discovering the local traditional Nha Trang dishes with us on the next post: “Nha Trang Vietnam tours 2017– The Cuisine”.

How about northeast Vietnam tours to Cao Bang?

northeast-vietnam-tours-cao-bang4

Northeast Vietnam tours are becoming more and more popular. Wilderness is one of the unique attractions of this land. Cao Bang is a wonderful point of Vietnam’s destinations.

Geography and characters of northeastern Vietnam

The Northeast is the north of the Red River Delta. Northeast called to distinguish them from the Northwest. The northeast of Vietnam from Ha Giang to Lang Son. A diverse scene creates an attraction for the area and answers the question of why the northeast has become an ideal destination. This area lacking the grandeur of their western counterparts of the Red River Valley, with the exception of the area around Dong Van and Meo Vac. Typified by pockets of cultivation squeezed among rugged outcrops whose lower slopes are wrinkled with terraces.

Image 1: Mountainous vista from the far north

Northeast Vietnam’s attraction is their rural landscapes, from the traditional scenes of villages engulfed in the forest to the dramatic limestone country. There is also minority folk wearing traditional dress. The province is home to several ethnic minorities, notably the Dao, Nung, and Tay who still maintain their traditional way of life in the more remote uplands. Northeast Vietnam tours always considered amazing tours with these ethnicities.

northeast-vietnam-tours-cao-bang
northeast-vietnam-tours-cao-bang

Image 2: How tourist are able to miss to these smile?

Discover Cao Bang – excursion for venturers only

Cao Bang is a province located in the North-East region of Vietnam. Few travelers in northeast Vietnam tours venture this far north. The journey from Ha Giang along Highway 34 takes you through the beautiful scenery.

Image 3: The zigzag roads takes you to northeast of Vietnam

Cao Bang has a temperate climate with 4 seasons: spring, summer, autumn, and winter. Sharing borders with China on the north and east sides, it also adjoins Bac Kan and Lang Son provinces on the south side, and Ha Giang and Tuyen Quang provinces on the west side. As a result, Cao Bang’s location enables it to be involved in many phases of the country’s history and to be an important administrative unit nowadays. Cao Bang lies approximately halfway along the route from Ha Giang to Lang Son and has enough appeal to merit a stopover.

Image 4: Cao Bang shows up poetic beauty

The topography of the province is somewhat complicated because of the many mountains, hills, rivers, and waterfalls, but in general, it is mostly mountainous. Cao Bang’s center may be dusty and noisy, however, the town itself is a likable place. Its riverside setting, with dense clumps of bamboo backed by sugar-loaf mountains, helps to blur the edges. The river is located on the southwest bank of the river, on a spur of land formed by confluence with the Hien River. Tourists can easily be entertained by visiting the famous Thang Lake in Tra Linh, Waterfall, or Mugom Cave in Trung Khanh.

Cao Bang also has several historical sites in which Ho Chi Minh lived and worked as Pac Bo Cave, Coc Bo Cave, Lenin Stream, and Nam Stream. All of them are no doubt the favorite destinations of many modern tourists.

Northeast Vietnam tours always are colorful adventures. You are unable to miss Cao Bang Province with its historical also modern scenes!

Discovering Local Taste: Nha Trang Vietnam Tour – The cuisine – Part 1

If you’re worried about the food while traveling, Nha Trang certainly will lift the burden off your shoulder.

Fresh Seafood from the Ocean to the Kitchen

You’ll be enjoying unique oriental seafood dishes in the most beachy way you’ll possibly find. It’s also one big check off of the “Things You Have To Do in Nha Trang” checklist –Vietnam Tours in Nha Trang. You’ll be sailing offshore to one of the islands in Nha Trang to check out the seafood available at that particular island and handpick your fresh-out-of-the-water seafood and send it right up to the kitchen to preparing your delightful savory meal.

Seafood on ice at the fish market

Travel the island and hand-picked your seafood

Nem Nuong – Fermented Pork Roll: Just Perfect!

Not having the appetite for seafood? Nha Trang won’t let you down, the local has excellent grilled fermented pork roll – Nem nuong. The bonus is it’s chargrilled, which helps to keep it juicy and locked in the flavor. Wrap them up with a Vietnamese rice paper wrapper and fresh herbs, dipping them all in the traditional dipping sauce will make you want to finish the whole meal set by yourself.

Nem nuong – the most delicious Nha Trang must-try dishes

Lac Canh Grilled Beef

Come to try Lac Canh Grilled Beef. The meat is marinated with honey and other spices, then chargrilled right at your table, which lets you can decide your meat cooked level at your own desire. This is a family-owned restaurant that has been favored by tourists all around the world as well as travel guides and the locals, a must try when you are in Nha Trang.

Lac Canh Grilled Beef

Banh Canh Cha Ca – Fish Patty Rice Noodle Soup

This specialty can be found only in Nha Trang, though you would probably find another version of it in another city that was modified and adjusted to the local taste, and is no longer authentic as what you would find in Nha Trang.

Read more:

>> Discovering Local Taste: Nha Trang Vietnam Tour – The cuisine – Part 2

>> Exploring Nha Trang Vietnam tours: The islands

>> Vietnam Tours in February 2017| Asia Tour Advisor

The original recipe is passed down from the old generations and this keeps food addicts coming for more. The key to this dish is its broth, which made from cooking a variety of saltwater fishes on a stove for hours, and its fish patty, which are made from finely mince fishes and its own special spices. Everyone who ever had a chance to try this dish will always remember how light the soup is and how tasty and delicate the patty is.

Fish Patty Rice Noodle Soup – The best soup can get

Those above are 4 out of 8 must-try-dishes in Nha Trang, to get more details on the next 4 dishes, read our next post HERE www.sapaluxurytravel.com 

Discovering Local Taste: Nha Trang Vietnam Tour – The cuisine – Part 2

Banh-Can-–-Can-pancake

Banh Can – Can pancake

This cake is made from rice flour, baked with either quailed eggs, or seafood topping. There are countless number of topping the local can come up with, but the popular topping remains travellers’ favorite are quailed eggs, eggs, squids, beef, etc. You can get this dish almost anywhere in Nha Trang. Don’t forget to dip it in the special fish sauce with green onion. Most of the time, you can watch the cook make your Can pancake fresh right after your order.

Banh Can – Delicious Nha Trang pancake

Bun Sua – Jellyfish Rice Noodle Soup

Unlike Fish Patty Rice Noodle Soup, the rice noodle you find in Jellyfish Rice Noodle Soup is quite thin. It may sound a bit freaky, but wait until you have it. These jellyfish are caught offshore, not the one you’ll find while swimming. They usually are quite small in size and are favored by the local. You’ll find it to be crunchy and delightful. Have them with a tiny bit of chilli powder and a slice of lime juice, all the flavor blend in together make this dish stand out from other noodle soup you try out in Vietnam.

Jellyfish rice noodle soup in Nha Trang

Louisiane Brewhouse – Your home cooked meal in Nha Trang

Tired of oriental cuisine, drop by Louisiane and have a freshly brewed beer while enjoying the beach or pool. It has the best-brewed beer in town. You can take a sip of beer while observing/touring the whole process of brewing beer by simply ask the server.

Read more:

>> Discovering Local Taste: Nha Trang Vietnam Tour – The cuisine – Part 1

>> Nha Trang: The Best Tropical Vietnam Tours packages for Your Summer Getaway Destination

For the food itself, they have a long menu from Western, Vietnamese to Japanese cuisine. You can get a Pizza to Sushi or a bowl of Pho without hopping from one restaurant to another. Their cooking is on point, and their desserts are the bomb. This place is kid-friendly. They do have a swimming pool in the restaurant, and the beach is just right behind. That means you can do some swimming, tanning or walk along the beach then have your food your way.

Nguồn tham khảo: 

Visit Hoi An Traditional Art Performance Theatre in Vietnam tours package

Nha Trang is the all time favorite getaway when it comes to Vietnam tour. It’s the place where you can discover the ocean, enjoy the sun, and love the food. Reserve your Vietnam tour with us and let’s hit the Nha Trang beach.

What are Vietnam tours by trains like?

What-are-Vietnam-tours-by-trains-like-3-1

In Vietnam tours, tourists prefer traveling by train. Where do train services in Vietnam can take you to?

Types of Vietnamese trains

There are many types of Vietnamese trains. However, in your Vietnam tours 2017, the most likely of which you will come across are the 5-star, SE, SP, TN and LC services. Train types are distinguished by their prefix. The prefix is followed by a number. Almost odd numbers run in one direction, even the other.

For example: the SE1 runs from Hanoi to Saigon while the SE2 runs from Saigon to Hanoi.

What are Vietnam tours by trains like?
What are Vietnam tours by trains like?

 Vietnam tours by train are the popular choice

From many personal experiences, the SE services are the best on the Hanoi to Saigon run. SE is fast, stop at most of the tourist hotspots and the prices are not unreasonable. The TN services are okay – they’re slower since they stop at a lot more stations than the SE trains, but they’re also cheaper.

 Explore your Vietnam tours by train – style

Tips for Vietnam train tours

Remember these notes in your Vietnam tours packages:

There is a different feature: the 5-star and SE trains are uniformly air-con, while the SP, TN and LC services are a mix. In case you want to take photos, an air-con train is not for you.

Do not open the windows in an air-con carriage. The windows in non-air-con trains often have their metal shutters drawn. It considers avoiding kids throwing rocks at trains. So some opt to shutter the windows for protection – on occasion the conductor may insist the shutter is closed.

You should find out the train schedule to not miss the trip. For example, if you want to travel from Hanoi to Lao Cai, there are three trains a day night and day train between Hanoi and Lao Cai.

 It is unable to miss to this train

Depending on your finance, choose a suitable day or night train. In case traveling from Ha Noi to Lao Cai, most visitors opt for night trains because it saves on the cost of one night accommodation and train hard day and only provides soft chairs.

 A night train from Ha Noi to Lao Cai

Cabins are furnished with four or six bunks, four is more frequently. Bunks upper bunks reached by a small ladder. Upper bunks are generally more secure when you’re asleep, but you’ll be closer to the air-con unit, so dress accordingly.

Traveling by train is one of exciting selections. Do not forget to find what trains like in your Vietnam tours !

Special wines should try in Sapa

Ban-Pho-wine

There are three iconic types of wine made from local produce such as corn, apple, and rice. These beverages enrich Sapa’s gastronomy and become signature liquids from when unknown. During Sapa tour, tourists should have some sips of this delicate liquid to lighten your conversations in the middle of the mountainous area.

San Lung wine

San lung wine is top spot worthy. There are just 40 families living in that area but all of them know how to produce this fragrant alcohol. The staple for this is the rice in a hilly area and a wild leaf acts as the catalyst. No matter how much you drink, you will never feel dizzy. With skillful hands, women of this area have been in charge of making these transparent spirits. The better wine a girl can make, the more men want to become her husband. San Lung wine is used in rituals, for praying or spending the night with your friends till three sheets in the wind. It is believed that if we drink that wine in the morning, we will have super strength from saints and we use this drink in the evening to enhance our bonds with friends. The wine-making process is super complicated. People brew rice with 15 kinds of herbs with potent medicinal properties to cure common ailments such as a headache, cold, flu, etc. Thanks to its alluring fragrance, curing benefits, and home-run brewing, this is definitely a must-try drink in Sapa.

San Lung wine

Ban Pho wine

This beverage has been made of corn – Sapa’s special corn. Small, soft, and nutrition-rich kernels from fields cultivated at high altitudes bring to life the best drops of hootch. After harvesting, corn is left untouched and dried for 2 days. After that, these staples are gently hung almost everywhere in the house to gradually cook. The catalyst for this wine is another kind of local-made, hong mi. Hong mi, which has almost the same size as black pepper, has been through steps of a unique formula to fulfill their vital mission in the wine-making process. Kernels are boiled multiple times until slightly burst, then hong mi catalyst will do the work. These steps result in a flawless drink used for casual meetings as well as too-good-to-be-true souvenirs.

Ban Pho wine

Tao Meo wine

Tao Meo wine

This fruit wine is made from local apples – tao meo. This well-known liquor has another cute name – love wine. Unmarried couples drink this together as a symbol of engagement. Give it a shot, and you will easily understand that the bitterness at first gulp and sweetness aftertaste are impeccably described true love. Weird as it may sound, the more maggots an apple has, the better taste it can offer for this wine! Besides its outstanding taste, this wine has proved itself as an amazing medicine for mental-related issues such as insomnia, dizziness, and hypertension. One combination you will die for trying in Sapa land is trout hotpot and tao meo wine. The warmness this couple brings to you is best suited in the middle of the cold mountainous zone.

Giang Ta Chai Village Sapa

Giang-Ta-Chai-Village

Giang Ta Chai village is home to the Red Dzao who wear plain black trousers and a long black tunic with embroidered cuffs and lapels. To trek to Giang Ta Chai, you will set off on an 18km trek through terraced rice paddies, bamboo forest and stunning waterfalls. Red Zao minority people are the second biggest group of hill minority people in Sapa in Vietnam. Red zao minority people in Giang Ta Chai village in Sapa in Vietnam wear very colorful traditional costumes. In Giang Ta Chai village in Sapa in Vietnam, travelers also can visit wonderful waterfall as well.

Giang Ta Chai village in Sapa

Giang Ta Chai village in Sapa in Vietnam is one of the famous travel destinations for most of the trekking tours and trekking holidays in Sapa in Vietnam. Giang Ta Chai village in Sapa in Vietnam offers travelers interesting trekking paths through a bamboo forest. Giang Ta Chai village in Sapa in Vietnam also let travelers enjoy trekking through rice fields, crossing a suspension bridge to the other side of the river. From Giang Ta Chai village in Sapa in Vietnam, travelers also can choose to take an adventure trekking route up to the mountain to Su Pan Village in Sapa in Vietnam. Giang Ta Chai village in Sapa in Vietnam is also one of the places where travelers can stay overnight on their homestay tours in Sapa in Vietnam.

Trekking Sapa tours – 2 day – 3 night ( Authentic Sapa Experience)

Lao-Chai-Village-Sapa

Night 1: Escorted to the railway station of HE staff on board to go up to the city of Lao Cai.

Day 1: Lao Cai – Sapa tours – Hill Tribe villages – Homestay

5:00: By Train Lao Cai station early in the morning. Selected by your tour guide and get a 01hr drive to Sapa for breakfast and morning bath at a local restaurant. Free to visit Sapa town and market.

02:00: (4hr trekking) Visit Lao Chai Village – home of Black H’mong minority. Walking through the Muong Hoa valley with beautiful scenery along the river, then to the village of Ta Van to make friends with a family dinner and Wireless where your homestay is served here.

Topas-Ecolodg-3Days-4Days-5Days-of-Sapa-Tours2
Topas-Ecolodg-3Days-4Days-5Days-of-Sapa-Tours2

3 AMAZING ACCOMMODATIONS FOR YOUR SAPA TREKKING HOMESTAY TOURS

Night 2: Homestay family here

Day 2: Ta van – Giang Ta Chai – Sapa tours – Lao Cai station (B)

Wake up with the locals in the sound of pigs, chickens and dogs of the family. The family was on their feet preparing your breakfast. Farewell to family and walk through a bamboo forest to Giang Ta Chai – home of the Red Dao. Meet and talk to people to find out more about the daily life, customs and their traditions. Overcoming Cau May (Cloud Bridge) and then back to Sapa by private car. Free afternoon to explore Sapa tours town or shopping at the local market.

16:30: Leave the town for Lao Cai station. Dinner (on your own expense) and living room in a local restaurant here then the night train back to Hanoi.

Ta-Van-village
Ta-Van-village

INVALUABLE EXPERIENC#E FOR YOUR SAPA TOUR IN LUNAR NEW YEAR

Night 3: Night train back to Hanoi

Day 3: Hanoi

The ship arrived in Hanoi in the early morning, Hanoi Elegance Hotel staff will pick you up and take you back to the hotel (optional).

For guests who are waiting to check-in, we recommend that you order a supplementary package includes All-you-can eat breakfast and Spa coupon @ 30 USD per person. This will rejuvenate your body after a tiring journey back from Sapa tours by train in the early morning.

Tour ends.

Price (US $)

Standard private group

Superior

1 person 315 / person

2 205 / person

3 195 / person  

4 188 / person

NoteJoin-in group is not available. Please contact us if you need more information

include:

messengers, 02 train tickets to go round in 4 * soft sleeping cabin, E.S. guides, admission fees, meals as prescribed @

Homestay – option 1

Hotel – option 2

Homestay & Hotel – option 3

Homestay & hotel & tourism market – select 4

* If you want to charter the entire cabin to have more privacy on board, there will be a surcharge USD90 x 2 people.

Not included:

Insurance, drinks, other personal expenses. Tips are welcome!

What to bring: passport, comfortable shoes for hiking, insect repellent, rain gear, hat, sunscreen, warm clothes.

Red Dao minority of Sapa

Red-Dao-minority-of-Sapa

The Red Dao people originated from China and migrated to Vietnam starting around the 12th or 13th century and continuing until the early 20th century. The majority migrated into Vietnam during the Minh dynasty, due to drought, failed crops and the pressures of Feudalism in China.

The Dao consider themselves to be the descendants of Ban Vuong or Ban Ho, a legendary character of the Dao people.

Overtime, the Dao people in China were divided into small groups and they migrated to different places, with some of them coming to Vietnam. During the migration, the different groups incorporated some cultural practices of other nations, creating new, diverse Dao cultures. However, the different groups still maintain a common Dao identity, as they have the same origins and continue to share a common language.

Red Dao people mainly live in Cao Bang, Lang Son, Tuyen Quang, Ha Giang and Lao Cai. Nowadays, Ta Phin village has more than 700 Red Dao people.

Language:

The spoken language belongs to the H’mong – Dao language family. The H’mong writing was Romanized in 1961 but is not widely used today.

Beliefs:

Many places are reserved for worshipping in a Hmong house – there’s a place for ancestors, for the house spirit, for the kitchen spirit, even the door spirit. There are different rituals that forbid people to walk into the Hmong house or their villages. For example, a green tree branch on the front door indicates that entrance is forbidden.

Red Dao minority of Sapa

Costume:

The Black H’mong women are famous for making cloth from hemp and dying it a deep indigo blue. They wear long blouses decorated with batik flowers over short trousers, and wrap long scarves around their legs. They wrap their long hair around their head and wear a blue turban. The men wear long jackets with shirts and a long waist coat embroidered at the collar, and a small hat. Today some H’mong wear Viet or western clothes.

Social organization:

H’mong women are respected in their community as being equal with H’mong men. Husbands and wives are very affectionate and do many of their tasks together like going to the market, working on the field and visiting relatives. In this way, they help each other to develop a strong community life.

Festivals:

Like the other minorities, the Black H’mong have lots of different festivals during the year. They ensure that there is always time for community activities, which play an important role in their life. One of the most important festivals is the New Year, which they celebrate for an entire month. It happens about one month earlier than Vietnamese Tet. During this time, boys play flutes and girls play an instrument made from two leaves. They all spend time together playing traditional games.

Red Dao minority of Sapa 2

Marriage:

For the Black H’mong it is important that a girl knows how to embroider and work well in the field. These skills are more important than her beauty. Boys and girls are allowed to get to know each other before they get married. They go to the love market where they eat and sing songs together. After this time, the boy can propose marriage and if the girl agrees, she goes to live in his house. She is put in a small room and visited by the boy’s mother and sisters who give her food to persuade her to accept the marriage.

The boy must give the bride’s family silver coins, pigs, chicken, and rice wine for the wedding ceremony. The bride has some time to decide if she accepts the marriage – even after living with her husband for a few days, she can choose to break their agreement. If the boy doesn’t have a dowry to give to the girl’s family, he lives in her house until he is able to marry her.

Funeral:

When there is a death in the family, the deceased’s children fire a gun to let everyone in the area know. People in the village come to the deceased’s house with anything they have – chicken, rice, a small pig, or rice wine – to help the family. Everybody sings and eats until the deceased is wrapped in a mat and carried to a grave by one group, while a coffin, which has been kept in a cave somewhere near the grave, is carried by another. Both groups have to run very fast to meet at the grave to make the deceased forget the way home. If the deceased’s family is not able to supervise the funeral rituals, they can wait for a few years before organizing a special one called ma kho. They invite people in the village to a place by the grave for the funeral for a celebration, at which they sing and dance.